Is it safer for younger patients to undergo facelifts than older patients? Not if the older patients are properly screened, according to a new study.
Researchers performed a retrospective study of 216 women who had a facelift between 2005 and 2008 by a single surgeon at the Cleveland Clinic. The patients were divided into two groups by age: those under 65 (148 patients) and those 65 and older (68 patients). The average age was 57 in the younger group and 70 in the older group.
According to results, complication rates were not statistically different when comparing the older facelift patients to the younger ones, suggesting that age alone is not an independent risk factor for facelift surgery.
Facelift surgery in the elderly has always been perceived to carry more post-operative risk, said Dr. James Zins, Chairman of Plastic Surgery at Cleveland Clinic. According to our study and pre-operative screenings, patients over 65 had no statistically significant increase in complications.
The number of older people seeking plastic surgery is expected to grow. Currently, over 12 percent of the U.S. population is over the age of 65, and by 2030, there will be about 72.1 million older persons, more than twice their number in 2000, according to the Department of Health and Human Services.
The older patients in the study were more likely to have a higher ASA (overall health status) score, which assesses the physical status of patients before surgery,Â than the younger patients.
It should not be generalized from the study that elderly patients can undergo a facelift operation with the same low complication rate as seen in the younger age group, said Dr. Zins. Careful screening of the elderly patients and excluding those with significant co-morbidities led to the low complication rate.
The researchers said more studies are needed to define whether an age limit for safe facelift surgery beyond age 70 and 75 exists.
Learn more about facelift surgery; read the study’s abstract at the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery journal’s website.
Dr. Jonov is a cosmetic surgeon who specializes in plastic surgeries of the face, breast, and body at Seattle Plastic Surgery.